Posted on 10/15/2010 at 10:56 PM by Global Reach
Northwest AEA Fine Arts Blog
Volume 2 Number 3
Marlin Jeffers, Educational Consultant
Music Web Site of the Month: http://www.people.vcu.edu/~bhammel/theory/homework/homework_all.html
The Worksheet Warehouse to view or download practice work (and answer sheets!) on scales, intervals, triads, figured bass, harmonization of melodies, and much more. On Anthology Avenue you will find audio files and provocative questions relating to Music for Analysis, an anthology of music excerpts used in our theory curriculum. Click on the Resources button to find a potpourri of lessons, drills, downloads and links to other excellent music theory web sites.
Article of the month:
Susan Hallam Institute of Education, University of London
The Power of Music
In 2000, I was commissioned by the Performing Right Society in the UK to undertake a review of research entitled ‘The Value of Music’. The purpose of the review was to provide hard evidence of the effects of music to be used as a resource for musicians working in a range of areas who needed to justify funding for a variety of musical activities. The necessity for such a resource had become apparent as the place of music in the school curriculum, the provision of instrumental music lessons, funding for community music and the arts in general had come under threat from policy makers. On completion of the review it became apparent that the proposed title was inadequate to reflect the immense impact of music in our lives and the final document was entitled ‘The Power of Music’. It is available on the World Wide Web at www.thepowerofmusic.co.uk. This advocacy statement is based, in part, on the findings of that review but also on my own experiences as a professional performing musician, a music educator, and a researcher into learning and performance in music. Outlined below are some of the key areas where music benefits humankind beyond its value in providing pleasure, stimulation and solace.
Individual skill development - Making music utilizes a great many skills and elicits a wide range of responses, more perhaps than any other human activity. Participating in making music requires the development of aural, intellectual, physical, emotional, communication and musical skills in addition to high levels of commitment, motivation and organization. The immediate time frame within which music is performed also elicits very high levels of concentration.
Responses to music - The responses of human beings to music go beyond ‘sound’. Music can be experienced physiologically (e.g. changes in heart rate); through movement; through mood and songs which give accounts of myths and legends and record important events.
The anti-establishment role of music – Music can allow the expression of an identity which is counter to societal norms. In some cases, it can be a powerful tool for change. It can play an important role in unifying and exemplifying solidarity in those who are challenging societal norms and practices.
Music in our everyday lives - Throughout the 20th century, the development of the electronic media revolutionized access to and use of music. We can turn on the radio, play a CD or tape, or listen to music on video or TV with very little effort. Prior to these developments, music was only accessible for most people if they made it themselves or attended particular religious or social events. Now, people ‘consume’ music at an enormous rate. It has become an integral part of our everyday lives in a way which would have been unthinkable 100 years ago.
Music in art - In addition to the value of music as an art form in its own right, music has always played an important role in the theatre, TV, films and video. Many great cinematic moments appear meaningless without the accompanying music.
The music industry - Music is a substantial economic generator of income in most developed countries employing many thousands of people. To sustain this requires a supply of musicians, not only to perform, but to undertake those many tasks behind the scenes which nevertheless require high levels of musical expertise.
Music and medicine – Music has been used to support health education, reduce anxiety and pain in medicine and dentistry, increase relaxation, improve recovery rates, stimulate the immune system, support rehabilitation after brain damage, help children with progressive neuromuscular disorders, improve co-ordination and difficulties in movement, reduce the negative effects of Alzheimer’s disease, tend the complex physical and spiritual needs of the dying, and help people work through grief and depression.
The effects of music on early development - Music can support the development of gross and fine motor activities, language skills, some aspects of sensory co-ordination, some cognitive behaviors, and encourage sucking and promote weight gain in babies, particularly those born prematurely or underweight. Musical interactions between mother and baby help develop bonds of communication and facilitate speech development.
Personal and social development - There are demonstrable positive effects of involvement with music on children’s’ personal and social development, particularly for low ability, disaffected pupils and those of low economic status. There is also some evidence that involvement in music can increase social inclusion.
Music for all - Increasingly musical opportunities are being created to enhance the quality of the lives of those who have aural impairments, learning difficulties, and autism. Music has also been used to support the learning of children with emotional and behavioral difficulties.
Music, commerce, advertising and work - Music has always played a major part in our work activities being used to co-ordinate movement, alleviate boredom, develop team spirit and speed up the pace of work. Nowadays, the commercial and industrial uses of music constitute major industries. Music is a major component of consumer marketing. It is effective in enhancing the appeal of products and in promoting memory for them. It has also been used to manipulate consumers shopping, eating and drinking habits. The type of music we listen to may also be able to predict consumer behavior. Ratings of the depressive content of the most popular songs in the USA have also predicted gross national product with a one to two year time lead.