The goal of Title I, Part A of NCLB (20 USC § 6301 et seq, 2001) is to ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and to reach proficiency on state standards and assessments of academic achievement. Title I, Part A is designed to meet the educational needs of low-achieving children in schools with the highest levels of poverty by aligning high-quality assessments, systems of accountability, teacher preparation, curriculum, and instructional materials with challenging state academic standards.
Similarly, the McKinney-Vento Act (42 USC 11433, 2001) ensures that children experiencing homelessness have access to the same free, appropriate public education and related services as their permanently housed peers so that they have an equal opportunity to meet the same challenging academic standards. The Act requires State Educational Agencies (SEAs) and Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) to remove any barriers that limit the ability of a student experiencing homelessness to enroll, attend, and succeed in school. The law also emphasizes collaborations and encourages parent participation as keys to the educational success of homeless students.